NASA has revealed details of its vision for the Artemis Moon Lander, which will return astronauts from the United States to the lunar surface by 2024.
In a notice published on the Federal Business Opportunities website, NASA is looking for "industry proposals for the development of integrated human lunar landing modules and the execution of manned flight demonstrations to the lunar surface by 2024".
The Artemis program aims to land American astronauts on the Moon by 2024 and establish a sustainable human presence on Earth's natural satellite. Artemis will also make history by landing the first woman on the Moon.
AT APOLO ANNIVERSARY 11, PENCE ANNOUNCES THAT THE ORION CAPSULE FOR MISSIONS OF LUNA MANNADA IS READY FOR THE FLIGHT OF DEBUT
Speaking at the Kennedy Space Center on the 50th anniversary of the Moon's landing at Apollo 11 on July 20, Vice President Mike Pence announced that the Orion capsule that will take American astronauts back to the Moon is ready.
Artistic impression of the Artemis Lander on the lunar surface. (POT)
In the documents published on the FBO website, NASA explains that astronauts will fly in an Orion spacecraft to the "Gateway," a space station that orbits the Moon. The gateway vessel will be used to support the transfer of crew and supplies to the Moon's landing module.
“The Gateway will be our base of operations in the lunar orbit, it is our command and service module for missions to the surface of the Moon. By using it as a port for the human landing system, its orbit around the Moon will give us access to the entire lunar surface, and a place to restore and replenish the landing system's fuel, "explains NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine, in a statement. "This is not a small feat, and building a 21st-century landing system takes the best of our government and private sector teams."
MICHAEL COLLINS DE APOLLO 11 RECEIVES THE QUARTERINE OF THREE WEEKS OF CREW ON HIS RETURN OF THE MOON
The initial capacity of the mission for 2024 includes the landing of two astronauts at the South Pole of the Moon. Astronauts will live and work outside the landing module for 6.5 days, according to NASA.
Artistic representation of an ascent vehicle that separates from a descent vehicle and leaves the lunar surface.
In the longer term, the Lander must transport four people to the lunar South Pole.
"For the initial missions, two crews will descend to the surface and two will remain in Gateway / Orion," NASA said in its announcement. "For the sustainable phase missions, we expect up to four crew members on the surface."
THE BUZZ ALDRIN PREDICTS ARTEMIS PROGRAM WILL LEAVE THE DECADES LEGACY LONG AS APOLO
While the initial lunar landing capacity for 2024 does not require a reusable vehicle, this will change. "The reuse of the vehicle will be a requirement," explains the space agency.
NASA anticipates that a three-stage landing system will be used to take astronauts to and from the lunar surface. The three-stage concept includes a transfer element for the trip from the lunar catwalk to the low lunar orbit, a descent element to bring the crew to the surface and an ascent element to return them to the catwalk, ”he explains, in a declaration. "From there, they would board Orion for the 250,000-mile trip back to Earth."
The space agency, however, says it is also interested in alternative approaches "that can achieve the same long-term goals of global lunar access and a reusable landing system."
INDIA LAUNCHES A HISTORICAL MISSION TO THE MOON
After Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin stepped on the Moon on July 20, 1969, only 10 more men, all Americans, walked on the lunar surface. The last NASA astronaut to step on the Moon was the commander of the Apollo 17 mission, Gene Cernan, on December 14, 1972.
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The Moon is big for space programs in many countries. Earlier this week, for example, India launched its unmanned Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft on a mission to the lunar surface.
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