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MOSCOW (Sputnik): The United States is scheduled to send its first US-made spacecraft instead of the Russian-made Soyuz to the International Space Station (ISI) after gaining certification from NASA in May 2020, a source said. from the aerospace industry to Sputnik. .
NASA has paid Russia for the seats of the Soyuz spacecraft since the US Space Shuttle was withdrawn. UU In 2011. In 2014, NASA awarded contracts to Boeing and Space X, for a combined total of up to $ 6.8 billion, to develop crew transportation systems and carry out initial operations. missions to the orbital laboratory in the framework of its commercial crew program.
"The first US spacecraft to take the crew to IIS is scheduled for a launch after being certified by NASA in May 2020," the source said.
Whether it's the Space X Crew Dragon or the Boeing Starliner, NASA must first certify that the spacecraft is safe for human spaceflight. Initially, both contractors had the intention of being certified in 2017, and now it is expected that neither of them will be ready until the end of 2019 at the earliest.
Space X tested Crew Dragon on an unmanned flight to the ISS in March. His first flight with crew on board is scheduled for November 15. On May 27, NASA astronauts Robert Behnken and Douglas Hurley arrived in Russia's Zvyozdny Gorodok to train before their Demo-2 flight in the Crew Dragon.
NASA plans to conduct an unmanned test flight for Starliner in August. His first manned mission was initially scheduled for August, but then postponed until November. The company also revealed plans to increase the duration of Starliner's first manned flight to the ISS, but did not provide further details.