E-cigarettes have eliminated previous progress in reducing the use of tobacco products among teenagers, US health officials said on Monday. UU
About 4.9 million high school and high school students were current users of a tobacco product in 2018, compared to 3.6 million in 2017, according to the results of the National National Youth Tobacco Survey.
In all, more than 1 in 4 high school students and about 1 in 14 high school students used a tobacco product in 2018, according to data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. UU
The researchers attributed this increase entirely to electronic cigarettes, noting that no significant change was found in the use of any other tobacco product, including traditional tobacco cigarettes.
"The vertiginous increase in the consumption of electronic cigarettes by young people over the past year threatens to eliminate the progress made in reducing tobacco use by young people, putting a new generation at risk of nicotine addiction," said the director of the CDC, Dr. Robert Redfield, in a statement.
According to previous studies cited by the CDC, children who use electronic cigarettes are more likely to progress to tobacco smoking after becoming hooked on nicotine.
Nicotine in electronic cigarettes also presents other health hazards, said Dr. Anne Schuchat, the CDC's principal deputy director.
"Nicotine is highly addictive and can damage brain development, including the damaging effects on learning, memory and attention," said Schuchat. Nicotine also prepares the brain for addiction to other substances, he added.
Matthew Myers, president of the Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids, called the survey results "deeply disturbing."
"These results are strong evidence that e-cigarettes are not helping to reduce cigarette consumption in young people," said Myers. "In fact, in any case, the evidence to date indicates that electronic cigarettes could increase the number of children who smoke."
The CDC found that there were 1.5 million more young users of electronic cigarettes in 2018 than in 2017, and those who vaped it did so more often.
The consumption of electronic cigarettes increased to almost 21% among high school students and 5% among high school students in 2018, an increase of approximately 12% and 3% in 2017, respectively.
The proportion of high school students who vaped at least 20 of the past 30 days increased to 28% in 2018 from 20% the previous year, the CDC added.
The agency specifically mentioned the e-cigarette JUUL in its report, noting that the increase in youth vaping reflected the increase in JUUL sales.
The JUUL is shaped like a USB flash drive and is easy to hide, the CDC noted. It uses nicotine liquid refills called "pods" that contain at least as much nicotine as a pack of cigarettes, and are available in flavors that appeal to teens.
"JUUL entered the US market in 2015 and since December 2017 has had the largest market share of all electronic cigarettes in the US We know that JUUL devices are used among school children, including the bathrooms and the clbadrooms, "said Brian King. , deputy director of the Office of Smokers and Health of the CDC.
"JUUL also has a high nicotine content, one of the highest of all electronic cigarettes in the US market," King continued. "The devices also use nicotine salts, which can allow large amounts of nicotine to be inhaled more easily and with less irritation than the free base nicotine that is used in most other electronic cigarettes."
For the fifth year in a row, electronic cigarettes were the most widely used tobacco product among high school students. Cigarettes (8%) were the most common, followed by cigarettes (7%), smokeless tobacco (6%), narghile (4%) and pipe tobacco (1%).
And many children are not limited to one type of tobacco product, according to the CDC.
Among current tobacco users, approximately 2 in 5 (1.7 million) high school students and 1 in 3 (270,000) high school students used two or more tobacco products in 2018. The combination of tobacco products more Commonly used was e-cigarettes and tobacco cigarettes. among high school and high school students.
The findings were published on February 11 in the CDC publication. Vital signs.
A quick action is needed
The US Food and Drug Administration UU It is cracking down on e-cigarette marketing and sales targeting teens, but much remains to be done, said Thomas Ylioja, clinical director of health initiatives at National Jewish Health in Denver.
"Vaping products managed to evade regulations that reduced the initiation of tobacco use by young people for more than 20 years, including age restrictions on purchases accompanied by fines to retailers, advertising bans, taxes to increase the price and the restriction of the use of products indoors, "said Ylioja said.
"Lawmakers and legislators are responding, but we need quick action to ban advertising to young people, including through social media, restrict online purchases, increase the age of purchase of nicotine products to 21 years, prohibit the Vaping in places where tobacco is prohibited, and "Make sure that nicotine vaping products are taxed like other tobacco products," he continued.
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